Canadian Mustard Seed

A dash of seasoning

What would the world's cuisine be without mustard? One of the oldest condiments, mustard's aromatic savour has made it a favourite of cooks and diners for thousands of years. It adds zest and verve to bland foods and is an essential ingredient in products such as mayonnaise, salad dressings, soups and prepared meats. Crushed, it produces an oil that is used in food processing and has potential use in industrial products such as biodiesel and lubricants.

The vast appetite for this versatile seed and its products has helped make Canada the world's largest mustard exporter.

A piquant product

Mustard is related to canola, but is more tolerant of drought, heat and frost than its famous cousin. Canada's northern climate is perfect for mustard, since it's an annual, cool-season crop adapted to a short growing season.

Canada produces three kinds of mustard: yellow, brown and oriental. The familiar yellow mustard is the mildest of the three and has the lowest oil content. Brown mustard is used in Dijon-style mustards and is blended with the yellow variety to make English mustard, while Oriental mustard provides the spicy cooking oils that are favoured in the cuisines of Asia and Japan.

Mustard can serve as a nutritious addition to many foods. It's extremely flavourful but is low in calories and cholesterol-free. It's also high in protein and contains healthy amounts of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium and niacin.

Savoury innovations

Both the mustard seed industry and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada are involved in mustard seed research and have released a stream of improved varieties during the last fifteen years. Among these are strains of yellow and oriental mustard seed that are customized to specific segments of the marketplace.

More improvements are on the horizon, too. Among these are mustard varieties that are better adapted to semi-arid environments, produce increased yields and provide higher oil and protein content. Canadian researchers are also working to increase the health and nutritional benefits of mustard, and on finding new food and non-food uses for this versatile crop.

Taste the Canadian difference

Canadian mustard seed adds zest to a myriad of food products, and Canadian researchers are improving the crop steadily as demand increases. For further information on Canada's mustard seed industry, please visit:

Government websites

Industry websites


Trade Statistics

The following tables represent Canada's total trade in a given export commodity based on Statistics Canada data. The product categories represent HS code groupings and have not been modified. In most cases, statistics have been presented at the 6 or 8 digit level. Statistics are presented in Canadian dollars and are complete through year end 2010.

Canada's Exports to All Countries (HS Code 120750) - ($CAD)
  2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
Mustard seeds 93,909,004 171,384,244 128,678,426 106,665,449 13.6%

Canada's Exports to All Countries (HS Code 120750) - (Quantity, KGM)
  2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
Mustard seeds 168,584,405 159,783,552 111,191,529 127,606,624 -24.3%

Canada's Monthly Exports to All Countries
(HS Code 120750, Value $CAD)
Month 2007 2008 2009 2010
Jan 6,213,997 9,249,816 9,234,854 9,337,140
Feb 6,656,156 11,767,074 10,377,010 9,752,988
Mar 6,751,948 13,958,559 13,915,792 10,324,820
Apr 8,568,845 13,664,367 14,806,365 9,330,580
May 7,351,250 17,730,692 19,147,315 15,575,618
Jun 6,706,829 13,435,942 10,713,467 8,634,457
Jul 7,286,292 9,246,887 8,795,282 10,828,928
Aug 7,381,367 8,310,104 7,835,454 8,043,668
Sep 6,980,487 9,323,197 6,585,040 4,998,566
Oct 10,326,336 28,915,366 12,922,054 6,231,705
Nov 11,949,408 21,978,940 7,815,547 6,047,185
Dec 7,736,089 13,803,300 6,530,246 7,559,794
TOTAL 93,909,004 171,384,244 128,678,426 106,665,449

Canada's Exports to All Countries by Province
(HS Code 120750, Value $CAD)
Province 2007 2008 2009 2010
Alberta 15,373,218 31,035,027 37,121,112 26,240,070
British Columbia 992,496 1,298,705 43,519 110,990
Manitoba 19,128,027 24,972,210 22,271,241 16,741,813
New Brunswick 24,343 58,294 18,876 65,763
Nova Scotia 11,800 0 28,332 0
Ontario 238,652 533,165 358,882 540,910
Québec 1,161,126 10,486,265 1,254,192 656,867
Saskatchewan 56,979,342 102,943,494 67,582,272 62,309,036
Yukon 0 57,084 0 0

Canada's Top 10 Mustard Seed Markets
(HS Code 120750, Value $CAD)
Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
TOTAL: 93,909,004 171,384,244 128,678,426 106,665,449 13.6%
United States 36,658,402 74,807,411 64,280,912 48,988,801 33.6%
Belgium 13,147,665 43,320,766 26,967,604 25,207,499 91.7%
India 1,737,907 1,486,132 786,435 5,430,652 212.5%
Japan 3,172,583 4,035,471 6,949,056 5,237,380 65.1%
Germany 17,929,695 16,559,264 5,547,619 4,127,736 -77.0%
Netherlands 4,686,950 11,570,993 5,553,775 2,440,066 -47.9%
Venezuela 1,133,939 1,653,751 2,835,620 2,165,548 91.0%
Thailand 1,547,962 1,307,064 3,545,898 1,448,063 -6.5%
Senegal 1,005,679 436,669 1,497,221 1,297,124 29.0%
Switzerland 1,061,895 964,105 1,252,817 1,229,227 15.8%