Canadian Potatoes

Versatility and value

Of all the vegetables grown in Canada, the humble potato is by far the most versatile. Potatoes can be boiled, fried, roasted or microwaved. They can be mashed, hashed, sliced, diced or grated. They're essential ingredients in stews, casseroles and soups. What goes better with a summer meal than a bowl of chilled potato salad? And who can pass up a plate of sizzling fish with a side order of golden french fries?

But potatoes aren't just for eating. Manufacturers use them to make many other products, including alcohol, starches, pharmaceutical preparations and biodegradable plastics. So it's no wonder that the potato is the most valuable of all Canada's vegetable crops — in fact, this unassuming tuber accounts for a third of the annual cash receipts for Canadian vegetable farmers.

A quality vegetable

Potatoes are very nutritious, containing high amounts of carbohydrates, potassium, iron, protein, fibre and phosphorous. They're also loaded with vitamins, including vitamins B1, B6 and C. And contrary to popular belief, they're a relatively low-calorie food — a serving size, one medium potato with skin (148 g) contains just 100 calories.

Canada has a long history of supplying top-quality table potatoes to its customers and is widely recognized as an international leader in seed-potato production. We grow about 150 types of registered seed potatoes, including such varieties as Russet Burbank, Superior and the famous Yukon Gold, created by Canadian researchers and released in 1981. Our scientists regularly introduce new potato types to Canada and maintain a gene bank of distinctive potato varieties to support further product development.

Although Canadian-developed seed potatoes are designed for our northern climate, they hold significant promise for farmers in more southern countries as well. Called "northern vigour," this phenomenon is a result of our potatoes' adaptation to the long summer days of the north, which enhances their energy and vigour. When they're grown in warmer latitudes, the result is more consistent crop development, higher yields and superior grades. Better yet, the improvements carry over through several generations of seed.

Taste the Canadian difference

Be it ever so humble, there's nothing quite like the Canadian potato for taste, quality and adaptability. For further information on Canada's potato industry, please visit:

Government websites

Industry websites


Trade Statistics

The following tables represent Canada's total trade in a given export commodity based on Statistics Canada data. The product categories represent HS code groupings and have not been modified. In most cases, statistics have been presented at the 6 or 8 digit level. Statistics are presented in Canadian dollars and are complete through year end 2010.

HS Codes

  • 070110 - Potatoes seed, fresh or chilled
  • 070190 - Potatoes, fresh or chilled nes
  • 200410 - Potatoes prepared or preserved other than by vinegar or acetic acid, frozen
  • 200520 - Potatoes prepared or preserved, other than by vinegar or acetic acid, not frozen
Canada's Exports to All Countries ($CAD)
HS 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
200410 866,416,233 898,334,298 964,109,503 822,803,454 -5.0%
070190 142,373,605 191,487,836 157,502,875 141,394,295 -0.7%
200520 49,497,621 57,077,843 75,777,436 73,867,387 49.2%
070110 38,721,461 27,934,575 41,187,842 36,371,966 -6.1%
Canada's Exports to All Countries (Quantity)
HS Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
200410 KGM 1,007,174,960 974,041,956 955,470,790 870,183,897 -13.6%
200520 KGM 18,950,958 19,940,983 23,562,679 24,584,876 29.7%
070190 Metric Ton 496,910 530,941 382,767 399,117 -19.7%
070110 Metric Ton 113,243 73,587 94,488 94,508 -16.5%
Canada's Monthly Exports to All Countries
(HS Codes 070110, 070190, 200410, 200520, Value $CAD)
Month 2007 2008 2009 2010
Jan 101,729,763 91,085,865 118,812,238 89,328,384
Feb 92,297,076 87,433,263 114,915,526 87,415,202
Mar 106,030,123 100,218,087 128,986,906 100,758,669
Apr 109,411,053 94,025,033 118,400,380 96,838,141
May 101,520,079 98,951,726 104,198,540 93,932,878
Jun 85,931,206 93,012,617 97,842,219 93,314,530
Jul 86,010,714 89,625,059 96,313,511 88,432,825
Aug 77,177,461 88,767,019 88,043,002 82,577,213
Sep 75,224,500 91,520,821 88,491,495 75,698,507
Oct 87,818,821 105,945,461 90,420,607 86,809,490
Nov 86,635,474 121,219,785 99,014,875 91,186,134
Dec 87,222,650 113,029,816 93,138,357 88,145,129
TOTAL 1,097,008,920 1,174,834,552 1,238,577,656 1,074,437,102
Canada's Exports to All Countries by Province
(HS Codes 070110, 070190, 200410, 200520, Value $CAD)
Province 2007 2008 2009 2010
Alberta 255,092,110 238,987,482 270,124,392 199,892,167
British Columbia 6,629,066 6,389,074 5,286,596 4,510,240
Manitoba 298,769,697 325,935,128 357,028,980 335,139,314
New Brunswick 193,178,719 229,531,533 211,365,815 194,371,979
Newfoundland and Labrador 25,630 3,062 60,856 61,602
Nova Scotia 2,921,264 1,332,036 2,369,577 7,170,802
Ontario 35,293,357 44,264,099 60,858,518 53,634,421
Prince Edward Island 276,241,148 285,427,167 296,047,416 249,381,885
Québec 25,395,638 39,084,776 30,864,798 27,416,479
Saskatchewan 3,462,291 3,880,195 4,570,708 2,858,213
Canada's Top 10 Potato Markets
(HS Codes 070110, 070190, 200410, 200520, Value $CAD)
Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
TOTAL 1,097,008,920 1,174,834,552 1,238,577,656 1,074,437,102 -2.1%
United States 852,559,642 955,214,725 1,000,813,604 874,081,305 2.5%
Mexico 24,944,865 28,499,516 40,902,029 36,678,335 47.0%
Japan 41,732,218 33,029,962 35,385,014 28,240,773 -32.3%
Venezuela 17,271,500 20,503,852 24,973,955 17,451,034 1.0%
Saudi Arabia 18,290,699 15,013,641 11,933,807 11,438,781 -37.5%
Indonesia 7,154,426 6,861,012 6,843,303 10,685,100 49.3%
Costa Rica 7,601,695 10,713,007 13,133,946 8,555,395 12.5%
Philippines 5,584,194 5,854,931 14,203,252 7,804,869 39.8%
Australia 5,968,655 3,072,062 431,922 7,480,250 25.3%
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 4,199,358 6,144,498 6,328,628 -