Canadian Vegetables

Freshness and Flavour

Canada boasts a large variety and steady supply of fresh vegetables year-round. Our varied climate and technological advances have produced a thriving greenhouse sub-sector and some of the most advanced storage and packaging solutions in the world.

Our vegetables range from the traditional—broccoli, carrots and sweet peppers—to the exotic, such as our native fiddleheads. Potatoes, sweet corn and green peas are the most extensively-grown vegetables. More than half of our world-renowned potatoes are processed, mostly into French fries.

Growing to meet customer needs

The Canadian vegetable industry is well positioned to satisfy the needs and tastes of global food consumers. Our country's rich multicultural heritage is evident in the huge variety of vegetables grown here and efforts to introduce even more products. In fact, exports of our vegetables are on the rise, due in part to our farmers' work to customize production for foreign market requirements. Canadian farmers are now producing crops such as pak choi, bok choi, nappa and Chinese broccoli to meet demand in global and domestic markets.


Canadian care and quality

Canada is a leader in protecting its natural landscape and preserving the quality of its soils and waters. Our cool climate gives our growing regions a natural rest period, which helps reduce pests and rejuvenates the soil. Canadian producers also use integrated pest management programs, monitoring pest populations so that pesticides are precisely timed to maximize effect and minimize use.

Meanwhile, Canada's food inspection system remains one of the best in the world. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) monitors Canada's vegetable industry, taking random samples from greenhouses and fresh vegetable businesses to ensure they comply with grade standards and safety regulations. CFIA inspectors also check to see that producers and packagers conform to very specific product labeling regulations. This commitment at all levels of the industry means quality products consumers can trust.

Innovating for variety and freshness

Canadians are improving production methods, product quality and marketing efforts. Our scientists research and innovate to meet consumer needs. For example, they are working to introduce new vegetable varieties to Canada that would enhance freshness, promote economic diversification and be adapted to specific regional growing conditions.

Similarly, our product packaging specialists are developing packaging that extends product shelf life and opens up new market opportunities. Examples of their work are already in use: Canadian experts have introduced plastic packaging that allows air to circulate while retaining moisture. They have also created environmentally-friendly packaging that completely biodegrades in 14 days.

Taste the Canadian difference

Canada's vegetable industry is an innovative and growing sector focused on bringing the benefits of fresh produce to consumers' tables. Treasured for their diversity and fresh, scrumptious flavours, Canadian vegetables are a wholesome and healthy addition to any meal. For information on products, suppliers, regulations and investment opportunities, visit:

Government websites

Industry websites


Trade Statistics

The following tables represent Canada's total trade in a given export commodity based on Statistics Canada data. The product categories represent HS code groupings and have not been modified. In most cases, statistics have been presented at the 6 or 8 digit level. Statistics are presented in Canadian dollars and are complete through year end 2010.

HS Codes

  • 0701 - Potatoes, fresh or chilled
  • 0702 - Tomatoes, fresh or chilled
  • 0703 - Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks & other alliaceous vegetables, fresh or chilled
  • 0704 - Cabbages, cauliflowers, kohlrabi, kale & similar edible brassicas, fresh or chilled
  • 0705 - Lettuce and chicory, fresh or chilled
  • 0706 - Carrots, turnips, salad beetroot & similar edible roots, fresh or chilled
  • 0707 - Cucumbers and gherkins, fresh or chilled
  • 0708 - Leguminous vegetables, shelled or unshelled, fresh or chilled
  • 0709 - Vegetables nes, fresh or chilled
  • 0710 - Vegetables (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water), frozen
  • 0711 - Vegetables provisionally preserved but not suitable for immediate consumption
  • 0712 - Vegetables dried, whole, cut, sliced, broken or in powder, but not further prepared
  • 0713 - Vegetables, leguminous dried, shelled w/n skinned or split
  • 0714 - Manioc, arrowroot, salep, etc. & sim roots & tubers ; sago pitch
Canada's Exports to All Countries ($CAD)
HS 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
Total 2,483,733,257 3,138,689,901 3,345,189,076 3,340,679,745 34.5%
0713 1,390,090,618 1,948,079,510 2,181,554,998 2,104,561,719 51.4%
0709 292,867,240 306,239,006 301,577,349 363,852,951 24.2%
0702 255,260,780 286,368,168 290,671,816 308,158,308 20.7%
0701 181,095,066 219,422,411 198,690,717 177,766,261 -1.8%
0710 127,170,322 137,339,508 140,469,569 128,701,796 1.2%
0707 87,399,622 90,983,655 98,691,263 101,280,253 15.9%
0706 42,408,685 43,480,248 46,790,818 43,118,175 1.7%
0703 48,053,280 41,503,494 27,439,289 41,072,959 -14.5%
0704 29,435,783 27,364,414 24,741,657 32,307,806 9.8%
0705 22,864,038 28,553,526 28,871,928 27,214,644 19.0%
0708 3,427,002 5,307,966 3,445,655 7,744,339 126.0%
0712 3,275,647 3,439,707 1,196,109 2,568,325 -21.6%
0711 296,879 438,167 743,211 2,063,149 594.9%
0714 88,295 170,121 304,697 269,060 204.7%
Canada's Exports to All Countries (Quantity, KGM)
HS 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
Total 4,170,455,801 3,822,198,492 4,818,708,365 5,030,448,876 20.6%
0713 3,504,278,568 3,126,947,340 4,170,599,389 4,298,588,171 22.7%
0702 112,426,186 119,693,173 130,883,812 142,772,534 27.0%
0709 122,129,968 118,227,878 118,888,178 139,327,009 14.1%
0710 135,607,644 134,765,878 119,917,715 125,873,939 -7.2%
0706 81,284,895 96,883,903 93,842,209 94,607,082 16.4%
0707 51,278,179 59,027,052 63,839,888 64,550,884 25.9%
0704 56,309,807 51,030,452 43,155,890 61,698,501 9.6%
0703 76,320,388 78,300,037 41,974,692 59,372,894 -22.2%
0705 25,526,911 29,893,386 30,457,860 29,700,506 16.3%
0708 3,913,073 5,626,544 3,099,251 8,319,880 112.6%
0711 308,908 445,984 1,085,957 4,187,033 1,255.4%
0714 234,620 225,678 221,926 516,788 120.3%
0701 610,153 604,528 477,255 493,625 -19.1%
0712 226,501 526,659 264,343 440,030 94.3%
Canada's Monthly Exports to All Countries
(HS Codes 0701, 0702, 0703, 0704, 0705, 0706, 0707, 0708, 0709, 0710, 0711, 0712, 0713, 0714, Value $CAD)
Month 2007 2008 2009 2010
Jan 152,164,822 193,505,971 219,315,334 247,554,048
Feb 137,433,230 175,596,200 223,120,277 268,376,716
Mar 165,069,578 182,976,017 316,433,234 294,227,993
Apr 229,312,661 232,291,067 295,663,971 265,966,480
May 231,207,353 265,884,830 298,288,525 290,881,934
Jun 202,368,883 239,273,944 305,083,477 236,781,540
Jul 184,762,584 226,700,575 241,083,079 258,181,133
Aug 221,162,237 236,110,931 201,542,834 244,345,246
Sep 260,603,482 429,720,678 279,711,237 322,273,257
Oct 252,302,229 409,469,214 344,906,432 344,496,487
Nov 270,022,727 292,157,316 349,382,840 303,299,486
Dec 177,323,471 255,003,158 270,657,836 264,295,425
TOTAL 2,483,733,257 3,138,689,901 3,345,189,076 3,340,679,745
Canada's Exports to All Countries by Province
(HS Codes 0701, 0702, 0703, 0704, 0705, 0706, 0707, 0708, 0709, 0710, 0711, 0712, 0713, 0714, Value $CAD)
Province 2007 2008 2009 2010
Alberta 87,107,300 54,645,511 60,709,164 76,753,046
British Columbia 213,113,983 222,220,589 213,126,288 220,169,217
Manitoba 141,747,119 160,171,656 143,032,072 158,128,398
New Brunswick 49,293,620 77,543,601 64,577,813 50,221,161
Newfoundland and Labrador 29,265 38,379 71,139 31,416
Nova Scotia 17,949,360 17,508,228 18,460,368 17,234,237
Ontario 672,240,596 731,764,801 753,103,216 817,686,918
Prince Edward Island 62,823,424 64,254,282 56,261,024 53,285,502
Québec 142,893,148 176,573,347 162,302,838 169,545,022
Saskatchewan 1,096,535,442 1,633,969,507 1,873,545,154 1,777,624,828
Canada's Top 10 Vegetable Markets
(HS Codes 0701, 0702, 0703, 0704, 0705, 0706, 0707, 0708, 0709, 0710, 0711, 0712, 0713, 0714, Value $CAD)
Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
TOTAL: 2,483,733,257 3,138,689,901 3,345,189,076 3,340,679,745 34.5%
United States 1,116,960,142 1,254,611,676 1,239,257,677 1,256,664,695 12.5%
India 371,182,982 422,818,950 532,732,296 415,520,139 11.9%
Turkey 19,439,268 221,795,492 135,862,398 185,463,042 854.1%
China 77,708,840 71,024,661 107,140,042 175,005,344 125.2%
Bangladesh 88,968,344 53,683,397 242,894,219 157,942,596 77.5%
United Arab Emirates 44,977,364 72,896,242 118,300,652 85,324,608 89.7%
United Kingdom 52,374,734 76,305,506 75,642,049 80,855,334 54.4%
Algeria 39,982,125 60,711,067 54,231,926 79,391,897 98.6%
Colombia 49,684,990 63,642,666 62,635,920 73,626,308 48.2%
Pakistan 30,113,707 34,904,877 73,424,523 64,946,317 115.7%