Canadian Grains

The Goodness of Grain

Wheat is Canada's largest crop and the single biggest export earner of all our agricultural products — in fact, we're one of the top three wheat exporters on the planet, and the world's largest producer of high-protein milling wheat. We're also a leading exporter of malting barley, favoured by brewers at home and abroad for its high levels of fermentable extract and its guarantee of varietal purity.

In 2009, Canada produced more than 26 million tonnes of wheat (including durum), almost 10 million tonnes of barley and three million tonnes of oats. But we do much more than produce enormous quantities of staple carbohydrates. Canadian agricultural research has a long tradition of bringing new and improved plant varieties to market and has developed cereal grains with excellent and diverse processing characteristics. Among our many successes has been the breeding of gluten-rich varieties of durum wheat, which are prized by pasta manufacturers in Canada and abroad. Canada Western Red Spring wheat is also recognized as a premium wheat for bread production.

Quality, Quality, Quality

To ensure we provide our customers with the world's best grains, we rely on the work of the Government of Canada's world-renowned Canadian Grain Commission (CGC), which has been in operation for nearly a century. The CGC defines grading standards for our grain crops and ensures that these standards are rigorously applied to every year's harvest. The Canadian International Grains Institute (CIGI)—which supports a broad range of technical activities in areas such as biofuels, feeds and milling—also plays a key role in ensuring Canada remains a leader in grain production. Public and private sector researchers, producer associations, industry organizations and government regulatory agencies all contribute to the quality offered by the Canadian cereal industry.

The result is a product of excellent quality and consistency, which means our customers always know exactly how the grains they purchase from Canada will perform. It is this dedication to excellence that has allowed us to build confidence and trust among buyers around the world.

Taste the Canadian difference

For over 100 years Canadian scientists have been working at developing crops adapted to the harsh Canadian environment. In fact, an early maturing variety of wheat—Marquis—was developed by an AAFC scientist in the early 1900s. Marquis wheat is credited with helping open up the Canadian Prairies to pioneering farmers, earning Canada the reputation of being the breadbasket of the world.

The quality, nutritional value and versatility of Canadian grains make them essential ingredients for the finest foods and beverages the world can offer. And to make certain that all Canadian grain-based foods are safe, they're closely monitored by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. For further information on our industry, please visit:

Government websites

Industry websites


Trade Statistics

The following tables represent Canada's total trade in a given export commodity based on Statistics Canada data. The product categories represent HS code groupings and have not been modified. In most cases, statistics have been presented at the 6 or 8 digit level. Statistics are presented in Canadian dollars and are complete through year end 2010.

HS Codes

  • 100110 - Durum wheat
  • 100190 - Wheat nes and meslin
  • 100200 - Rye
  • 100300 – Barley
  • 100400 - Oats
Canada's Exports to All Countries ($CAD)
HS Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
100190 Metric Ton 3,613,169,299 5,201,813,860 4,565,633,272 3,935,171,979 8.9%
100110 Metric Ton 1,079,135,697 1,778,836,716 1,447,338,216 686,243,561 -36.4%
100400 KGM 429,089,536 574,399,094 374,911,227 336,048,964 -21.7%
100300 Metric Ton 483,801,948 730,387,181 441,273,272 325,942,504 -32.6%
100200 Metric Ton 53,802,359 38,172,193 30,027,966 35,899,235 -33.3%
Canada's Exports to All Countries (Quantity)
HS Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
100400 KGM 2,026,194,182 2,159,170,851 1,651,102,118 1,543,976,328 -23.8%
100190 Metric Ton 13,757,689 12,561,470 15,432,398 15,351,651 11.6%
100110 Metric Ton 3,801,328 2,924,497 3,820,486 2,859,610 -24.8%
100300 Metric Ton 1,949,917 2,276,613 1,573,228 1,348,608 -30.8%
100200 Metric Ton 246,383 97,254 100,224 160,337 -34.9%
Canada's Monthly Exports to All Countries
(HS Codes 100110, 100190, 100200, 100300, 100400, Value $CAD)
Month 2007 2008 2009 2010
Jan 330,411,745 628,360,485 684,605,817 432,392,790
Feb 363,044,058 616,721,757 599,472,854 362,322,473
Mar 359,266,652 711,731,219 560,509,626 438,907,709
Apr 455,636,411 849,924,873 844,521,690 445,085,436
May 483,544,194 1,053,277,708 715,393,937 516,870,644
Jun 468,327,578 627,828,027 584,025,097 436,697,045
Jul 440,289,098 636,311,780 523,858,580 391,667,393
Aug 487,513,329 614,682,507 555,255,973 395,834,754
Sep 510,703,053 528,695,753 469,867,584 420,987,112
Oct 604,050,850 702,954,437 469,951,564 461,553,831
Nov 585,006,076 778,788,276 442,506,860 495,044,722
Dec 571,205,795 574,332,222 409,214,371 521,942,334
TOTAL 5,658,998,839 8,323,609,044 6,859,183,953 5,319,306,243
Canada's Exports to All Countries by Province
(HS Codes 100110, 100190, 100200, 100300, 100400, Value $CAD)
Province 2007 2008 2009 2010
Alberta 1,635,822,310 2,754,425,306 2,270,317,391 1,506,088,276
British Columbia 13,529,678 22,974,402 17,496,698 20,207,548
Manitoba 926,901,062 1,440,972,999 1,168,542,673 1,061,702,717
Ontario 53,541,654 51,777,871 32,003,036 30,015,859
Saskatchewan 3,029,204,135 4,053,458,466 3,370,824,155 2,701,291,843
Canada's Top 10 Grain Markets
(HS Codes 100110, 100190, 100200, 100300, 100400, Value $CAD)
Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 Growth 2007-2010
TOTAL: 5,658,998,839 8,323,609,044 6,859,183,953 5,319,306,243 -6.0%
United States 1,065,687,132 1,933,034,673 1,328,623,758 953,186,049 -10.6%
Japan 392,762,939 671,521,684 369,192,386 351,532,051 -10.5%
Bangladesh 149,473,766 102,113,963 246,590,895 292,064,156 95.4%
Sri Lanka 203,274,397 317,005,636 246,172,122 261,208,915 28.5%
Italy 208,605,643 232,370,987 353,309,401 258,675,923 24.0%
Venezuela 171,538,575 338,968,809 279,486,204 224,263,806 30.7%
Mexico 244,807,444 216,275,812 254,465,256 222,573,555 -9.1%
South Korea 28,820,845 65,683,602 58,151,419 217,680,489 655.3%
Saudi Arabia 159,653,974 225,180,647 398,215,080 209,358,851 31.1%
Peru 111,764,395 130,985,797 206,097,707 203,782,229 82.3%